Vitiligo

Vitiligo which is also pronounced as vit-ih-LIE-go is a disease that leads to the loss of skin colour in blotches. The degree and rate of loss of colour from vitiligo is unforeseeable. It can influence the skin on any part of your body. It might likewise influence hair and intraoral.

Generally, the colour of hair and skin is controlled by melanin. Vitiligo happens when the cells that create melanin stop working or die. Vitiligo influences individuals of all skin types, however it might be more discernible in individuals with darker skin. The condition isn’t perilous or infectious. It can be upsetting or influence you to feel awful about yourself.

It may be possible that vitiligo treatment restore colour of the part or the skin affected, however it does not protects continued loss of colour of the skin that may occur or you can say the reoccurrence of the same.

Symptoms

Majorly we can identify vitiligo through a patchy skin colour loss. Talking more about it generally, the discolouration can be seen on the areas which are exposed to sun first, for instance face, lips, hands, arms or feet.

Vitiligo signs may include:

  • Loss of colour in the tissues that line the inside of your mouth and nose (mucous membranes)
  • Patchy loss of skin colour
  • Loss of or change in colour of the inner layer of the eyeball
  • Premature whitening or greying of the hair on your scalp, eyelashes, eyebrows or beard

Vitiligo can begin at any age, but most frequently it appears prior to the age of 20 years.

The different types of vitiligo based on site are:

  • Generalised Vitiligo: It affects multiple parts of the body often the patches that are discoloured spreads on corresponding parts of the body as well systematically.
  • Segmental vitiligo:This type of vitiligo spreads in only one side of the body or one part of the body such as hands, legs, or face etc. Mostly it tends to happen in an early age then it progresses for one or two year and then stops to spread.
  • Localised Vitiligo: This type only occurs in one area of the body or few areas at an extent such as only elbow, or neck or thigh etc.

It’s hard to anticipate how your sickness will advance. Now and then the patches quit framing without treatment. Much of the time, discoloration spreads and in the end includes a large portion of your skin. Once in a while, the skin recovers its depigmentation without treatment too.

At Dr.Manjot’s Clinic we provide following treatment of Vitiligo

Treatment may support to make the skin look more even. The choice of treatment depends on:

  • The treatment the person prefers to use
  • The number of white patches
  • How widespread the patches are

The same treatment may not be right for everyone. There may be unwanted side-effects that occur due to many treatments. Many treatments take long time to show results as well as to perform those treatments is also a long procedure and time consuming also. Over and above many treatments do not even work or do not give the results the patient wanted.

Current options for treatment of vitiligo include surgical, medical, and other treatments also. Most treatments are objected at restoring colour to the white patches of skin of the patient.

Medical treatments include:

  • Medicines that you take by mouth
  • Removing the color from other areas so they match the white patches.
  • A treatment that uses medicine plus ultraviolet A (UVA) light (PUVA)
  • Medicines (for instance creams or any other cosmetics) that you apply on the skin

Surgical treatments for vitiligo include:

  • Skin grafting
  • Follicular unit excision
  • Tattooing small areas of skin.
  • Punch grafting
  • Melanocyte transplant

Other treatments include the treatment through Sunscreens, Cosmetics, such as dye or makeup, to cover the white patches on the skin, other than that if any assistance is needed in the way of support or counselling we provide our patients with that also.